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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Online ISSN 1827-1928
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Macucci F. 1, Guerrini L. 2, Strambi M. 1
1 Section of Preventive Pediatrics and Neonatology Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine Le Scotte Polyclinic, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
2 Section of Pediatrics Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine Le Scotte Polyclinic, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Aim. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of asthma and related respiratory symptoms in a sample of the Siena pediatric population that engages in sport.
Methods. The subjects were 460 young athletes, age 7-14 years, enrolled in 23 sporting clubs in 10 municipalities of Siena Province. Subjects and their parents answered a questionnaire on life style and the children underwent basal spirometric tests at their respective training centers.
Results. A total of 352 questionnaires (76.6%) were returned; 80% of responders performed the spirometric test. The lifetime prevalences of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis were found to be 17.33%, 22.16% and 11.08%, respectively. About 33.2% of subjects had also experienced symptoms compatible with exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) during sport and 4.2% of them had had to stop activity at least once.
Conclusion. The results suggest that EIB is a major phenomenon in our province and that this disorder interferes with, or even limits, physical activity of young athletes.