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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles OTHER AREAS (Biochemistry, Immunology, Kinanthropometry, Neurology, Neurophysiology, Ophtalmology, Pharmacology, Phlebology, etc.)
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2007 June;47(2):246-9
Changes of cytosol glucocorticoid receptor and renal Na+-K+-ATPase activity after swimming training in rat
Peijie B., Zicai D., Tian W.
Department of Sports Medicine Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China
Aim. The aim of this study was to determine whether the down-regulation of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) by physical changes in plasma glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) is accompanied by changes in the responsiveness of target cells to GCs in rats.
Methods. Normal male Sprague-Dawley rats were left to swim for 60 min. At 15 min and at 3, 12, 24 h after swimming training, groups of rats were sacrificed.
Results. The results show that exposure of rats to a 60-min swimming stress provokes corticosterone secretion, which results in a rapid depletion of GR from renal cytosol and the subsequent induction of the renal Na+-K+-ATPase. By employing RU38486 and Trilostane before swimming training, both the effects of GCs on regulating GR binding activity and related changes in GR binding capacity to Na+-K+-ATPase activity are also investigated. RU38486 was shown to reduce GR by about 80% and the inducing effort of GCs on Na+-K+-ATPase was prevented by pretreatment of RU38486 and Trilostane.
Conclusion. These data suggest that physiological fluctuations in endogenous hormone secretion are sufficient to result not only in substantial cytosol GR down-regulation, but in a coordinate physiological response.