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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Online ISSN 1827-1928
EXERCISE AND SPORTS CARDIOLOGY
Mcconnell T. R. 1,2 , Shearn W. M. 2, Klinger T. A. 2, Strohecker K. 2
1 Department of Exercise Science and Athletics Bloomsburg University, Bloomsburg, PA, USA
2 Department of Cardiology Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA, USA
Aim. Stroke volume (SV) is the major cardiovascular discriminator between those that are exercise trained versus untrained individuals and healthy individuals versus those with pathologic left ventricular dysfunction. Furthermore, since the increase in oxygen pulse (O2P) (O2P=V.O2/HR?oxygen uptake/heart rate) that occurs with exercise is a function of SV and the arterial-venous oxygen difference (a-vO2), O2P has been demonstrated a reliable indicator of SV for healthy individuals. Although commonly used as a physiological and clinical marker of SV, the validity of O2P as an indicator of SV in patients with heart failure has not been investigated.
Methods. Thirty-one (23 men, 8 women) patients (age: 64±7.9; ejection fraction: 24±7.8) with chronic heart failure had cardiac output measured during steady-state workloads (25 watts and 75% V.O2peak) upon entry and again at completion of 12 weeks of exercise training. Four patients were excluded due to clinical complications and 3 because of non-compliance; therefore, 24 patients completed the study.
Results. The relationships between SV and O2P are: 1) baseline: SV=11.1+4(O2P), SEE=11.8; r2=0.39 and 2) study completion: SV=25.1+2.3(O2P), SEE=12.7; r2=0.21. While SV did not increase after 25 watts, O2P continued to increase by 17%, respectively. In addition, there were no training effects on SV or O2P. As SV increased, O2P underpredicted measured SV.
Conclusion. In patients with heart failure and poor left ventricular function, O2P is not recommended as a marker of the SV during exercise.