Advanced Search

Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2004 December;44(4) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2004 December;44(4):444-50



A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Frequency: Monthly

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2004 December;44(4):444-50


    Original articles

Acute effects of short duration maximal endurance exercise on lipid, phospholipid and lipoprotein levels

Sgouraki E. 1, Tsopanakis A. 1, Kioussis A. 1, Tsopanakis C. 2

1 Department of Exercise Biochemistry, Hellenic Sports Research Institute – OAKA, Athens, Greece
2 Experimental Physiology Laboratory Athens University Medical School, Athens, Greece

Aim. The acute effects of maximal endurance exercise (15 min) on lipid and lipoprotein levels were examined, in order to determine whether the level of response produced could be affected by maximal exercise intensity (incremental stress test).
Methods. Participants in this cross sectional study were male athletes (n=78) of national level: basketball (n=10), swimming (n=9), long distance (LD) running (n=23) and wrestling (n=35); also a group of non-athlete volunteers as controls (n=19). Athletes had trained an average of 3 h/day and 5 years. The ergometric test used for the determination of maximal oxygen uptake on a treadmill was based on a stepwise stress protocol.
Results. Immediately after a maximal effort all groups (controls included) showed significant increases in total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), phospholipids (PL) and high-density cholesterol (HDL-C), from rest values. Low-density cholesterol (LDL-C) increased significantly in basketball, LD running and wrestling, while it did not change significantly in swimming and controls, after maximal effort. Hemoconcentration was of the order of +12.5%.
Conclusion. The level of these increases might be directly related to the intensity and duration of exercise performed. Acute endurance exercise (100% VO2max) may induce acute modification of the above lipid parameters potentiating the systematic chronic exercise effects already present.

language: English


top of page