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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles SPORT NUTRITION AND SUPPLEMENTATION
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 September;43(3):334-41
Body size and somatotype characteristics of male golfers in Japan
Kawashima K. 1, Kat K. 2, Miyazaki M. 2
1 College of Bioresouce Sciences, Nihon University, Japan
2 School of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Japan
Aim. The aim of this investigation was to compare the physical characteristics and somatotypes of 4 Japanese male golfer groups with 2 non-golfer control groups.
Methods. Sixty-three male golfers, professional golfers (PR, n=11), collegiate golfers (CO, n=24), general amateur golfers (AM, n=13), collegiate recreational golfers (RE, n=15), non-golfing college student (CG, n=45) and a senior population of non-golfers as a control group (SC, n=20), for a total n=128. They were somatotyped, according to the Heath-Carter anthropometric method.
Results. The results show that the categories of the mean somatotypes of PR (3.8-5.8-1.6), CO (4.7-5.6-2.2), AM (3.3-4.4-2.6) and RE (3.7-4.8-2.7) were endomorphic mesomorph, SC (4.7-3.9-2.1) was mesomorphic endomorph, and CG (3.8-4.3-3.3) was central, respectively. The anthropometric variables that best discriminated between skilled and unskilled golfers were body weight, calf skinfold, calf girth, and femur width, with 82% correctly classified PR and 83% correctly classified for CO. Secondly, combination of sum of 4 skinfolds, biceps girth and humerus width, with 72% correctly classified PR and 75% correctly classified for CO.
Conclusion. Within the Japanese golfer groups, there are differences between golfers and non-golfers with respect to somatotype, body size and composition. Results suggested that PR showed significantly larger limb girth than other groups. Somatotypes in male golfers tend to increased mesomorphy, related to skill level.