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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 September;43(3):291-9
Dependence of young female volleyballers’ performance on their body build, physical abilities, and psycho-physiological properties
Stamm R. 1, Veldre G. 2, Stamm M. 3, Thomson K. 3, Kaarma H. 4, Loko J. 1, Koskel S. 5
1 Institute of Sport Pedagogy Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
2 Institute of Zoology and Hydrobiology Faculty of Biology and Geography University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
3 Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences Tallinn Pedagogical University, Tallinn, Estonia
4 Centre for Physical Anthropology Institute of Anatomy Faculty of Medicine and University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
5 Institute of Mathematical Statistics Faculty of Mathematics University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Aim. The aim of the study was to establish which anthropometric characteristics, physical abilities and psycho-physiological properties determine the success of adolescent female volleyballers at competitions.
Methods. For this purpose we studied 32 female volleyballers aged 13-16 years. The anthropometric examination included 43 measurements, 7 tests of physical fitness, and 4 series of computerised psycho-physiological tests (n=21). The performance of game elements was measured empirically during championship games using the original computer program “Game”.
Results. The proficiency of performing volleyball elements — serve, reception, feint, block and spike — was calculated by regression models from the 14 anthropometric measurements, 4 physical fitness and 7 psychophysiological test results, which showed significant correlation with proficiency in the game. The predictive power of the models was at least 32% and in average 56%. The anthropometric factor was significant in the performance of all the elements of the game, being most essential (71-83%) for attack, block and feint. Good results in physical ability tests granted success in serve, attack and reception.
Conclusion. It was possible to predict the efficiency of reception (44%) by endurance, flexibility and speed measuring tests. Medicine ball throwing test was essential for attack (22%). Psycho-physiological tests were significant for the performance of block (98%), attack (80%), feint (60%) and reception (39%).