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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 September;43(3):274-8
Kinematic changes at intensities proximal to onset of lactate accumulation
Shim J., Acevedo E. O., Kraemer R. R., Haltom R. W., Tryniecki J. L.
Department of Health Human Performance, and Recreation, Waco, Texas Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA
Aim. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in selected kinematic variables at 3 running intensities proximal to the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA; 4 mM of blood lactate). It was hypothesized that greater changes in lower body mechanics would occur when running faster than normal race pace compared to when running slower than race pace.
Methods. Nine competitive male distance runners ran at 3 running intensities (RI): 1) each runner’s V.O2 at 10% below the V.O2 at OBLA, 2) V.O2 at OBLA, and 3) V.O2 at 10% above the V.O2 at OBLA. Selected kinematic and physiological variables were measured at each RI.
Results. V.O2 at RI 1, 2 and 3 was highly correlated with running speed (r=0.93). The blood lactate (BL) showed a nonlinear increase from RI 1 (2.9±0.8 mM) to 2 (4.1±0.9 mM) to 3 (6.7±1.8 mM). The vertical oscillation of center of gravity (VOCOG), stride frequency (SF), range of motion (ROM) of trunk angle, and maximal knee flexion during flight phase (MKFF) changed nonlinearly as did the BL. Significant relationships between BL and VOCOG (r=0.44) and between BL and SF (r=0.51) were found (ps<0.05).
Conclusion. The findings show a possibility that lower body running mechanics have a relationship with BL.