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Original articles  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 June;43(2):145-9

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The effect of stretching during warming-up on the flexibility of junior handball players

Zakas A., Vergou A., Grammatikopoulou M. G., Zakas N., Sentelidis T., Vamvakoudis S.

Department of Physical Education and Sports Science Division of Sports, Laboratory of Coaching, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece


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Aim. The pur­pose of the inves­ti­ga­tion was to exam­ine in ­field con­di­tions the ­acute ­effects of warm­ing-up on low­er extrem­ity ­joints and ­trunk flex­ibil­ity in jun­ior ­team hand­ball ­players.
Methods. Forty-sev­en jun­ior ­team hand­ball ­players par­tic­i­pat­ed in ­this ­study form­ing an experi­ment (n=32) and a con­trol ­group (n=15). The ­first ­group per­formed warm­ing-up and stretch­ing exer­cis­es (20 min) where­as the sec­ond ­group ­only per­formed warm­ing-up exer­cis­es. Passive ­range of ­joint ­motion was deter­mined in hip flex­ion, hip exten­sion, hip abduc­tion, ­knee flex­ion, ­ankle dor­si­flex­ion and the ­trunk flex­ion ­using a gon­i­om­e­ter and a flex­om­e­ter.
Results. The warm­ing-up ses­sion ­induced a sig­nif­i­cant­ly ­increased ­range in all low­er extrem­ity ­joints and ­trunk flex­ion (p<0.01 to p<0.001) of ­both ­groups.
Conclusion. Flexibility ­improves as a ­result of mus­cle elon­ga­tion dur­ing warm­ing-up or ­even ­through an incor­po­rat­ed pathet­ic stretch­ing pro­gram.

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