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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 June;43(2):145-9
The effect of stretching during warming-up on the flexibility of junior handball players
Zakas A., Vergou A., Grammatikopoulou M. G., Zakas N., Sentelidis T., Vamvakoudis S.
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science Division of Sports, Laboratory of Coaching, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Aim. The purpose of the investigation was to examine in field conditions the acute effects of warming-up on lower extremity joints and trunk flexibility in junior team handball players.
Methods. Forty-seven junior team handball players participated in this study forming an experiment (n=32) and a control group (n=15). The first group performed warming-up and stretching exercises (20 min) whereas the second group only performed warming-up exercises. Passive range of joint motion was determined in hip flexion, hip extension, hip abduction, knee flexion, ankle dorsiflexion and the trunk flexion using a goniometer and a flexometer.
Results. The warming-up session induced a significantly increased range in all lower extremity joints and trunk flexion (p<0.01 to p<0.001) of both groups.
Conclusion. Flexibility improves as a result of muscle elongation during warming-up or even through an incorporated pathetic stretching program.