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Original articles  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 June;43(2):139-44

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Soccer specific testing of maximal oxygen uptake

Kemi O. J., Hoff J., Engen L. C., Helgerud J., Wisløff U.

Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Technology Center, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway


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Aim. Endu­rance ­capacity in ­soccer ­players is impor­tant. A ­soccer spe­cific ­test for ­direct meas­ure­ment of max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake ­does, how­ever, not ­exist. The aim of ­this ­study was to eval­uate max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake in a ­soccer spe­cific ­field ­test, com­pared to tread­mill run­ning.
­Methods. Ten ­male ­soccer ­players (age 21.9±3.0 ­years, ­body ­mass 73.3±9.5 kg, ­height 179.9±4.7 cm) par­tic­i­pated in the ­study, and 5 endu­rance ­trained men (age 24.9±1.8 ­years, ­body ­mass 81.5±3.7 kg, ­height 185.6±3.1 cm) ­took ­part in a com­par­ison of the port­able and the sta­tionary meta­bolic ­test ­systems. The ­soccer ­players accom­plished a tread­mill ­test and a ­soccer spe­cific ­field ­test con­taining drib­bling, repet­i­tive ­jumping, accel­er­a­tions, decel­er­a­tions, ­turning and back­wards run­ning.
­Results. Max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake was sim­ilar in ­field (5.0±0.5 L · min-1) and labor­a­tory (5.1±0.7 L · min-1) ­tests, as ­were max­imal ­heart ­rate, max­imal ­breathing fre­quency, res­pir­a­tory ­exchange ­ratio and ­oxygen ­pulse. Max­imal ven­ti­la­tion was 5.4% ­higher at max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake ­during tread­mill run­ning.
Con­clu­sion. ­These find­ings ­show ­that ­testing of max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake ­during ­soccer spe­cific ­testing ­gives sim­ilar ­results as ­during tread­mill run­ning, and there­fore ­serves as a ­valid ­test of max­imal ­oxygen ­uptake in ­soccer ­players.

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