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Original articles  BIOCHEMISTRY

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2002 December;42(3):472-80

language: English

Serum amino acid responses to three different exercise sessions in male power athletes

Pitkänen H. 1, Mero A. 1, Oja S. S. 2, 3, Komi P. V. 1, Pöntinen P. J. 2, Saransaari P. 2, Takala T. 1

1 Department of Biology of Physical Activity University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
2 University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland
3 Department of Clinical Physiology Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland


Background. The pur­pose of ­this ­study was to inves­ti­gate ser­um ami­no ­acid respons­es to 3 dif­fer­ent exer­cise ses­sions in ­male pow­er ath­letes (sprint­ers and jump­ers; n=11).
Methods. All sub­jects per­formed 2 run­ning exer­cise ses­sions: a ­short run ses­sion (SRS) of 3×4×60 m ­with recov­er­ies of 120 and 360 sec, and a ­long run ses­sion (LRS) of 20 sec ­runs ­with recov­er­ies of 100 sec ­until exhaus­tion. Ten sub­jects per­formed a ­strength exer­cise ses­sion (SES) of 90 min. Serum ami­no ­acids (n=21) ­were ­assayed 10 min ­before and 10 min ­after the ses­sions. Peak ­blood lac­tate was ana­lyzed ­from fin­ger­tip ­blood sam­ples tak­en 1 and 5 min ­after the ses­sions.
Results. The ­before-­after com­par­i­sons ­showed ­that the essen­tial ami­no ­acids (EAAs) ­decreased by 8.7% (p<0.01) and ala­nine ­increased by 26.7% (p<0.001) ­after SRS. Following LRS the EAAs ­decreased ­also by 8.7% (p<0.01) and ala­nine ­increased by 25.3% (p<0.001). In the sum of all ami­no ­acids ­there ­were no chang­es ­after SRS and LRS but a sig­nif­i­cant ­decrease (14.8%; p<0.01) was ­observed ­after SES. Also the EAAs ­decreased (20.6%; p<0.001) but ala­nine, tau­rine and citrul­line ­were the ­only sin­gle ami­no ­acids ­with no chang­es ­after SES. The ­peak ­blood lac­tate con­cen­tra­tions ­after SRS, LRS and SES ­were 13.8±1.9, 16.4±1.3 and 2.5±0.4 ­mmol/L, respec­tive­ly. The lac­tate val­ue ­after SES dif­fered (p<0.001) ­from the val­ues ­observed ­after SRS and LRS. The com­par­i­son of the chang­es in the ser­um ami­no ­acid con­cen­tra­tions fol­low­ing the 3 exer­cise ses­sions ­revealed ­that SRS and LRS ­were ­very sim­i­lar but SES dif­fered ­from SRS and LRS strong­ly (p<0.01) in the sum of all ami­no ­acids.
Conclusions. The cur­rent ­data indi­cate ­that the sum con­cen­tra­tions of all ami­no ­acids in ser­um ­decrease ­after the ­strength exer­cise ses­sion but not ­after the lac­tic anaer­o­bic run­ning exer­cis­es.

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