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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
Demura S. 1, Yamaji S. 2, Ikemoto Y. 3
1 Department of Physical Education Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan
2 Fukui National College of Technology, Fukui, Japan
3 Yonago National College of Technology, Yonago, Japan
Background. There is a possibility that heat stimulus by linear polarized near-infrared light irradiation (PL: Super Lizer HA-30, Tokyo Medical Laboratory) improves the range of joint motion, because the flexibility of soft-part tissues, such as a muscle or a tendon, is improved by increasing the muscle temperature. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of PL-irradiation on the ranges of shoulder and ankle motions.
Methods. Experimental design: 30 healthy young adults (15 males: mean±SD, age 19.1±0.8 yrs, height 173.3±4.6 cm, body mass 68.5±8.0 kg and 15 females: mean±SD, age 19.2±0.7 yrs, height 162.3±4.5 cm, body mass 58.1±6.6 kg) participated in the experiment under PL-irradiation and no-irradiation (placebo) conditions. Measures: the angles of shoulder and ankle joint motions were measured twice, before and after the PL- and placebo-irradiations. The angle of a motion was defined as the angle connecting 3 points at linearity as follows: for the shoulder, the greater trochanter, acromion, and caput ulnare, and for the ankle, the knee joint, fassa of lateral malleolus and metacarpal bone. Each angle was measured when a subject extended or flexed maximally without support.
Results. The trial-to-trial reliability of each range of joint motion was very high. All parameters in PL-irradiation were significantly larger in postirradiation than pre-irradiation, and the value of postirradiation in PL-irradiation was significantly greater than that for placebo. The ranges of shoulder and ankle motions in placebo-irradiation were also significantly greater in postirradiation than pre-irradiation. Moreover, the change rate for each range of joint motion between pre- and postirradiations was significantly greater in PL-irradiation in both joints. In PL-irradiation, most subject’s motions were greater in postirradiation than pre-irradiation, but not in the placebo-irradiation. The effect of PL-irradiation tended to be greater on subjects with a small range of a joint motion.
Conclusions. It is considered from the present results that the ranges of shoulder and ankle motions became greater with PL-irradiation, and is effective as a warming-up method.