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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Online ISSN 1827-1928
Baldari C., Guidetti L.
From the University Institute of Motor Sciences, Rome, Italy
Background. This study examines the fitness level of a rhythmic gymnasts group and a young female classical dancers group.
Methods. Aerobic power (˙VO2max), individual ventilatory (IVT) and anaerobic thresholds (IAT) were assessed in 12 elite rhythmic gymnasts, eight elite ballet dancers and 12 sedentary female subjects in the same age range (13-16 yrs). The ˙VO2max, IVT and IAT were assessed during a continuous incremental running treadmill test.
Results. At IVT and IAT the V.O2max expressed in ml·kg-l·min-l was significantly different between the three groups of subjects. The highest values were found in gymnasts (30.8±2.6 for IVT and 43.8±3.5 for IAT) followed by the values of dancers (21.7±2.8 for IVT and 30.5±3.1 for IAT) and controls (15.6±2.0 for IVT and 20.6±1.7 for IAT). When the ˙˙VO2max was expressed in percent of ˙VO2max, the values at IAT were significantly different between all groups (gymnasts: 84.9±0.7; dancers: 64.0±4.1; controls: 59.7±2.4) while at IVT no difference was found between dancers and controls (45.6±4.1 and 45.2±16, respectively). At maximal effort ˙VO2 was significantly higher both in gymnasts and dancers (51.7±4.4 and 47.5±3.0 ml·kg-l·min-l, respectively), than in controls (34.5±2.5 ml·kg-l·min-l).
Conclusions. Although ˙VO2max was similar between gymnasts and dancers, ˙VO2 values at NT and IAT were able to discriminate the higher level of fitness in gymnasts with respect to dancers.