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Original articles  

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2001 March;41(1):132-6

language: English

Attitudes of coaches towards doping

Laure P., Thouvenin F. *, Lecerf T. **

From the Faculté de Médecine Laboratoire de Physiologie, Vandoeuvre, France
* Comité Régional Olympique et Sportif de Lorraine Maison des Sports, Tomblaine, France
** Direction Régionale et Départementale de la Jeunesse et des Sports de Lorraine, Saint-Max, France


Background. Coaches are usu­al­ly ­held to be ­among the ­main ­actors of dop­ing pre­ven­tion cam­paigns. The aim of ­this ­study was to doc­u­ment cer­tain atti­tudes of pro­fes­sion­al coach­es ­faced ­with dop­ing, and to eval­u­ate how ­they con­front­ed it on an every­day ­basis.
Methods. Experimental ­design: pros­pec­tive ­study by ­self-report­ing ques­tion­naire. Setting and par­tic­i­pants: the ques­tion­naire was ­mailed to the ­last 800 grad­u­at­ed coach­es (1994-1997) in the Lorraine ­region, Eastern France. The 260 respond­ing coach­es com­prised 77 wom­en and 183 men, the aver­age age ­being 30.8±8.0 ­years (­mean±stan­dard devi­a­tion).
Results. 10.3% of coach­es con­sid­er ­that an ath­lete may use dop­ing ­with no ­health haz­ard ­with the ­help of a phy­si­cian, and 30.0% ­that an ath­lete who ­declines dop­ing has lit­tle ­chance of suc­ceed­ing. 5.8% had ­used dop­ing ­drugs in the ­last ­twelve ­months (1 to 6 ­times). 13.5% of coach­es men­tion ­that ath­letes (1 to 5 per ­coach on aver­age) ­told ­them ­they had ­been prompt­ed to use dop­ing ­drugs dur­ing the pre­vi­ous 12 ­months. 80.7% con­sid­er ­that the cur­rent meth­ods of pre­vent­ing dop­ing in ­sport are inef­fec­tive, and 98.1% of ­them con­sid­er ­that ­they ­have a ­role to ­play with­in ­this con­text, but 80.3% con­sid­er them­selves bad­ly ­trained in the pre­ven­tion of dop­ing. Only 10.4% ­have orga­nized a dop­ing pre­ven­tion ­action dur­ing the ­last 12 ­months.
Conclusions. In ­this ­study, pro­fes­sion­al coach­es do not ­seem to be effi­cient in the pre­ven­tion of dop­ing. Further edu­ca­tion and train­ing for coach­es on dop­ing is advis­able.

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