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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2001 March;41(1):95-100
Postexercise proteinuria in humans and its adrenergic component
Poortmans J. R., Haggenmacher C., Vanderstraeten J.
From the Chimie Physiologique Institut Supérieur d’Education Physique et de Kinésithérapie Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles (Belgium)
Background. Postexercise proteinuria is a common phenomenon depending on hypothetical mechanisms such as the hemodynamic system and its sympathetic component. To test this hypothesis we administrated an α2-adrenergic agonist (clonidine) in order to reduce the catecholamine response during exercise.
Methods. Clonidine (300 µg) and a placebo, one week apart, were administrated randomly to nine healthy male subjects (23 yrs age) 2 hours prior to a maximal exercise test on bicycle ergometer. Blood samples and urine collections were obtained at rest and after exercise. Lactate in plasma, creatinine and albumin in plasma and urine were assayed and their clearances were calculated.
Results. Postexercise lactate was identical under placebo and clonidine administration (10.1±1.0 versus 11.3±1.7 mmol.-1). It was observed that the clonidine treatment induced a lesser postexercise proteinuria (213±28 versus 298±55 µg.min-1) and albuminuria (71.8±16.3 versus 116.8±34.2 µg.min-1) when compared to the placebo test. The postexercise renal clearance of albumin did show a reduction of 40% under the influence of clonidine.
Conclusions. It may be argued that the catecholamines are partially acting on the mechanisms of the enhanced permeability of the glomerular membrane induced by strenuous exercise.