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A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Frequency: Monthly

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2000 December;40(4):362-72


Differences in psy­cho­so­cial deter­mi­nants of phys­i­cal activ­ity in old­er ­adults par­tic­i­pat­ing in organ­ised ver­sus non-organ­ised activ­ities

Deforche B., De Bourdeaudhuij I.

Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, University of Ghent, Belgium

Background. With the intro­duc­tion of the new con­sen­sus on 30 min­utes of mod­er­ate phys­i­cal activ­ity pref­er­ably on all ­days of the ­week, exer­cise imple­ment­ed ­into dai­ly activ­ities is pro­mot­ed where­as struc­tured activ­ity pro­grams ­lose impor­tance. Activity lev­els of ­most old­er peo­ple ­don’t ­come up ­with cur­rent rec­om­men­da­tions. Therefore strat­e­gies to ­enhance atten­dance of old­er ­adults in phys­i­cal activ­ities ­should be devel­oped. Group pro­grams may be ­more effec­tive in chang­ing exer­cise beha­vi­our of old­er ­adults ­than non-super­vised phys­i­cal activ­ity. The pur­pose of ­this ­study was to inves­ti­gate the dif­fer­enc­es in lev­el of activ­ity and psy­cho­so­cial deter­mi­nants of phys­i­cal activ­ity ­between sen­iors ­involved in an exer­cise ­class and sen­iors not ­engaged in any organ­ised phys­i­cal activ­ity.
Methods. Seventy-five eld­er­ly who ­were cur­rent­ly ­involved in struc­tured exer­cise class­es and 75 eld­er­ly who did not par­tic­i­pate in any organ­ised phys­i­cal activ­ity dur­ing the pre­vi­ous ­year ­were recruit­ed in sen­ior ­citizens’ cen­tres and ­were ­asked to ­fill out a ques­tion­naire.
Results. Subjects ­involved in an exer­cise pro­gram had high­er lev­els of activ­ity and report­ed ­more ­social influ­enc­es and high­er ­self-effi­ca­cy com­pared to the respon­dents prac­tis­ing on an indi­vid­u­al ­basis. No dif­fer­enc­es ­were ­found in per­ceived bar­riers or ben­e­fits.
Conclusions. Exercising in a ­group pro­gram ­gives the oppor­tu­nity to accu­mu­late ­some ­extra phys­i­cal activ­ity and pos­i­tive­ly ­affects the lev­el of activ­ity out­side the pro­gram. Stimulating old­er ­adults to ­join a struc­tured activ­ity pro­gram in the com­pa­ny of fam­i­ly or ­friends in ­order to ­enhance sup­port­ing ­social influ­enc­es and per­ceived com­pe­tence ­could be an impor­tant inter­ven­tion strat­e­gy.

language: English


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