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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2000 September;40(3):254-9
The validity of anthropometric regression equations in predicting percent body fat in collegiate wrestlers
Department of Health and Human Performance, St. Paul, MN
Background. This study was designed to assess the validity of previously-developed anthropometric regression equations in determination of percent body fat in collegiate wrestlers (N=22).
Methods. Means (M) standard deviations (SD), correlation coefficients®, standard errors of estimate (SEE) and total errors (TE) were compared to the criterion test of hydrostatic weighing (HW), (M=12.49%, SD=4.67%).
Results. Repeated measures analysis of variance revealed the equations of Lohman (M=12.94%, SD=3.59%, R=0.743, SEE=3.13%, TE=3.58%), Katch and McArdle (M=12.41%, SD=3.41%, R=0.750, SEE=3.10%, TE=3.18%), and Tipton and Oppliger (M=11.89%, SD=3.01%, R=0.763, SEE=3.03%, TE=3.63%) to be valid. The equations of Thorland et al. (M=14.11%, SD=5.12%, R=0.711, SEE=3.27%, TE=4.89%), Durning and Wommersley (M=14.075, SD=4.45%, R=0.741, SEE=3.13%, TE=4.71%), Jackson and Pollock (M=9.76%, SD=3.13%, R=0.737, SEE=3.17%, TE=5.90%), and Sinning (M=10.84%, SD=4.19%, R=0.741, SEE=3.13%, TE=4.78%) were significantly different from HW.
Conclusions. It is concluded that the above-validated formulas have acceptably low SEE’s and TE’s to be of practical value in determination of appropriate weight classes for collegiate wrestlers.