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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1999 December;39(4):341-7

Copyright © 2000 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The effects of various intensities and durations of exercise with and without glucose in milk ingestion on postexercise oxygen consumption

Lee Y. S., Ha M. S., Lee Y. J.

Department of Exercise Science, Se Jong University, Seul, Korea


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Background. The pur­pose of ­this ­study was to com­pare the 2-hr ­excess ­postexer­cise oxy­gen con­sump­tion (­EPOC), res­pir­a­to­ry ­exchange ­ratio (RER), and rec­tal tem­per­a­ture (RT) ­after ­four-exer­cise ­bouts of var­y­ing inten­sity and dura­tion, ­with and with­out glu­cose in ­milk (GM) inges­tion.
Methods. Experimental ­design: sub­jects com­plet­ed the exer­cise ­tests in ran­dom ­order 4 ­times on the ­same week­day. The ­four experi­men­tal exer­cise con­di­tions ­were low inten­sity, ­long dura­tion ­with GM (LL & GM), low inten­sity, ­long dura­tion with­out GM (LL & NGM), ­high inten­sity, ­short dura­tion ­with GM (HS & GM), and ­high inten­sity, ­short dura­tion with­out GM (HS & NGM). Participants: ten ­male col­lege stu­dents (20.8 yrs±0.6) par­tic­i­pat­ed vol­un­tar­i­ly. Measures. Two-way repeat­ed meas­ures ANO­VA (exer­cise con­di­tion×time) was ­used to com­pare the var­i­ables.
Results. Mean ­EPOC for the 2-hr ­postexer­cise peri­od for HS & GM (211.5 ml O2/kg) was sig­nif­i­cant­ly great­er ­than ­EPOC for HS & NGM (154.8 ml O2/kg), LL & GM (140.4 ml O2/kg) and LL & NGM (125.2 ml O2/kg). Mean recov­ery oxy­gen ­uptakes ­were 6.4, 5.7, 4.5, and 4.2 ml/min/kg ­with HS & GM, HS & NGM, LL & GM and LL & NGM, respec­tive­ly. Mean RERs for ­high inten­sity exer­cis­es ­were sig­nif­i­cant­ly low­er ­than RERs for low inten­sity exer­cis­es dur­ing the recov­ery peri­od. Mean RT for HS & GM (37.60°C) and HS & NGM (37.43°C) ­were sig­nif­i­cant­ly high­er ­than RT for LL & GM (37.19°C) and LL & NGM (37.15°C) dur­ing the recov­ery peri­od.
Conclusion. These ­results sug­gest ­that preexer­cise ­intake of GM increas­es ­EPOC ­above ­that ­observed in the fast­ing con­di­tion, and ­high inten­sity ­short dura­tion exer­cise increas­es fat oxi­da­tion dur­ing recov­ery peri­od ­more ­than low inten­sity ­long dura­tion exer­cise.

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