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A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Frequency: Monthly

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1998 September;38(3):221-6


Bench step­ping and run­ning in ­women. Changes in fit­ness and ­injury ­status

Williford H. N. 1, Richards L. A. 1, Scharff-Olson M. 1, Brown J. 1, Blessing D. 2, Duey W. J. 3

1 Human Per­for­mance Labor­a­tory, Auburn Uni­ver­sity at Mont­gomery, Mont­gomery, Ala­bama;
2 Health and ­Human Per­for­mance, Auburn Uni­ver­sity, Ala­bama;
3 Phys­ical Edu­ca­tion Depart­ment, Ala­bama ­State Uni­ver­sity, Ala­bama

Back­ground. The pur­pose of ­this inves­ti­ga­tion was to eval­uate ­injury ­rates and ­changes in V.O2peak in ­women asso­ciated ­with ­aerobic exer­cise (­bench step­ping and run­ning).
­Methods. A pre­test ­post-­test ­repeated meas­ures ­design was ­used to eval­uate ­changes in V.O2peak ­after ­training for 10 ­weeks, 3 ­days per ­week, for 1 ­hour per ses­sion. ­Injury inci­dence was mon­i­tored by ques­tion­naires ­throughout the ­training pro­gram.
Set­ting. All ­testing and ­training ­took ­place at ­Auburn Uni­ver­sity Mont­gomery, Mont­gomery, AL, USA.
Par­tic­i­pants. The sub­jects ­were ­women ­enrolled in uni­ver­sity phys­ical ­activity ­courses. The exer­cise ­groups con­sisted of 23 ­women who per­formed ­bench exer­cise and 15 who per­formed run­ning-jog­ging. ­Eleven sub­jects ­served as non-exer­cising con­trols.
Inter­ven­tion. The 10-­week exer­cise ­training pro­gram ­served as the inter­ven­tion.
Meas­ures. Sub­jects ­were ­both pre- and ­post-­tested for V.O2peak by ­open cir­cuit cal­o­rim­etry. ­Body com­po­si­tion was esti­mated ­from a 7-­site skin­fold equa­tion. A ­daily ­injury log was main­tained to eval­uate ­injury ­status.
­Results. A ­repeated meas­ures ­ANOVA ­found sim­ilar sig­nif­i­cant improve­ments in V.O2peak for ­both the ­bench and run­ning ­groups ­with no ­change for the con­trol ­group. An eval­u­a­tion of the inju­ries ­graded II or ­higher ­found 0.29 inju­ries per 100 hrs for the ­bench ­group and 0.66 inju­ries per 100 hrs for the run­ning ­group. ­When all com­plaints ­were con­sid­ered (grade I to ­grade IV) the ­rates ­increased to 2.44 per 100 hrs for the run­ning ­group and 6.09 per 100 hrs for the ­bench ­group.
Con­clu­sions. ­Aerobic ­bench exer­cise pro­duced sim­ilar ­changes in V.O2peak com­pared to run­ning. The ­results indi­cated ­that the pri­mary ­injury com­plaints ­were ­grade I and ­related to ­delayed ­onset ­muscle sore­ness (­DOMS). The ­bench ­group expe­ri­enced an ­greater inci­dence of ­grade I com­plaints ­while the run­ning ­group expe­ri­enced a ­slightly ­greater inci­dence of ­more ­serious ­grade II or ­higher inju­ries.

language: English


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