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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,6
Online ISSN 1827-1898
Francesco GRECO 1, 2, 3, Stefano ALBA 1, Paolo FORNARA 2, Vincenzo MIRONE 3
1 Department of Urology and Mini-Invasive Surgery, Romolo Hospital, Crotone, Italy; 2 Department of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Martin-Luther University, Halle/Saale, Germany; 3 Department of Urology, University Federico II, Naples, Italy
Renal transplantation (RT) represents actually the most effective therapy in patients with end-stage renal failure as it is cost effective, allows for a normal life style and reduces the risk of mortality from dialysis related complications. Renal transplantation can be classified in deceased- donor or living-donor transplantation, depending on the source of the donor organ. In the last years, the demand for renal transplantation has increased dramatically, which has been associated with an increase in living-donor organ procurement and a further improvement of surgical technologies applied to RT. Considering the shortage of available organs for transplantation, efforts have been also made worldwide to expand the donor pool (living donor nephrectomy, AB0 incompatible transplantations, dual kidney transplantation). Moreover, new operative techniques have been recently developed in order to improve surgical outcomes and graft survival and to reduce the complications’ rate after renal transplantation. The purpose of the present review is to update the recent published literature regarding the technical aspects, diagnosis and the urological complications associated with renal transplantation.