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A Journal on Internal Medicine
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,6
Panminerva Medica 2002 March;44(1):69-72
Successful treatment of recurrent celiac axis compression syndrome. A case report
Cinà C. S., Safar H.
From the Division of Vascular Surgery Department of Surgery Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation General Campus, McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The celiac axis compression syndrome is characterized by the clinical triad, epigastric pain, weight loss and postprandial emesis. The aetiology is attributed to intermittent ischaemia of the foregut. The results of three different modalities of treatment, transluminal dilatation, surgical division of the median arcuate ligament, and bypass surgery in a patient with recurrent celiac artery compression syndrome are reviewed. A 62-year-old woman with a previous partial gastrectomy presented with postprandial abdominal pain and marked weight loss. Investigations for gastrointestinal tract pathology were all negative. Angiography revealed compression of the celiac axis and an angioplasty was unsuccessful. The patient underwent surgical division of the median arcuate ligament with complete relief of symptoms, which recurred four months later. Angiography demonstrated a restenosis of the celiac axis. An aorto-celiac artery bypass was done with complete and persistent relief of symptoms at four years follow-up. This is a rare syndrome, which requires predisposing anatomic factors. In this patient, a previous partial gastrectomy with gastrojejunostomy roux-en-y caused disconnection of the pancreatico-duodenal network. Scarring renders ineffective less invasive interventions. Bypass surgery is the treatment of choice and offers durable results.