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A Journal on Internal Medicine
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,6
Panminerva Medica 2002 March;44(1):23-5
Treatment of heart failure and ascites with ultrafiltration in patients with intractable alcoholic cardiomyopathy
Bilora F., Petrobelli F., Boccioletti V., Pomerri F. *
From the Department of Medical and Surgery Science
*Institute of Radiology University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Background. In Western countries the excess of alcohol intake causes, secondary, non ischaemic cardiomyopathy and cirrhosis. Frequently, therapy is not effective so ultrafiltration was tried on patients affected, with positive effects on life quality. We tried to verify utility and tolerance to peritoneal ultrafiltration in a group of subjects affected by heart failure secondary to alcoholic cardiomyopathy, refractary to conventional therapy.
Methods. Sixteen patients (14 males, 2 females) with heart failure and ascites affected by alcoholic cardiomyopathy were studied. All subjects were in IV class NYHA (New York Heart Association); ejection fraction (EF) was evaluated by echocardiogram and ascites by abdominal ultrasound. Patients were submitted to clinical exam, body weight, abdominal circumference, diuresis and routine biohumoral exams, electrocardiogram and chest X-ray. Subsequently they underwent intermittent nocturnal peritoneal dialysis with a changing cycle of 6-12 hours per session. After 5 days, subjects were checked through echocardiogram and abdominal ultrasound.
Results. The patients mean age was 56.7±3.2 years. After ultrafiltration, all subjects showed decreased body weight, abdominal circumference and urea; there was an increase of diuresis and Natriuria. Fifteen subjects entered III NYHA class without variation of EF; all of them showed clinical and echographic reduction of ascites. Mean ultrafiltration quantity was 6.084 ml with mean dialysis hours 20; 7.36% of patients had fever that disappared within 24 hours with antibiotic therapy. All subjects referred to feel well and the mean hospitalization period was of 7 day in spite of the usual 22 days.
Conclusions. We suggest peritoneal dialysis for patients with congestive heart failure and ascites caused from alcoholic cardiomyopathy refractory to conventional therapy.