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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Zanon C., Goss M., Nicola F., Alabiso O., Zai S., Aymele A. G., Castagneto B. *, Grosso M. **, Mancini A. **, Gazzera C. **, Pacitti A. ***, Martina G. ***, Vaj M. °, Mattalia A. °
From the Division of Surgical Oncology ASO S. Giovanni Battista, Molinette Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
*Division of Oncology S. Spirito Hospital Casale Monferrato (AL), Italy
**Department of Surgical and Medical Sciences Section of Radiology University of Turin, Turin, Italy
***Division of Nephrology Molinette Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
°Service of Anaesthesiology Molinette Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Background. Advanced and relapsed tumors remain a challenging disease with a poor and dismal prognosis. Our choice for inoperable tumors consists in a percutaneous treatment strategy involving intra-arterial chemotherapy and hemofiltration, with previous blood stop-flow, which allows high doses of Cisplatin-cisplatinum, cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum (CDDP) and Mitomycin C (MMC) in the tumor-bearing area with minimal systemic toxicity.
Methods. We analyse the morbidity and mortality associated with stop-flow in 20 patients with unresectable and/or metastatic thoraco- abdominal tumors, non responders to prior systemic chemotherapy.
Results. In our experience, the rate of major side effects of the procedure was 31% with a mortality of 5%. The side effects were related to the radiological procedure and to the chemotherapic treatment. A 74-year-old patient died for acute kidney toxicity within 15 days after the procedure. The other transient toxicity symptoms recorded were: nausea, vomiting, increasing of creatinine levels, diplopia and appearance of necrotic ulcer associated to chemotherapic drugs. Concerning the complications related to the radiological technique, the main problem was the rupture of the balloon stop-flow catheter in four patients.
Conclusions. Stop-flow is a new procedure that could develop in the future, thanks to the possibility of obtaining a higher dose intensity of chemotherapic drugs in districts or organs affected by advanced tumors, with less systemic side effects. Unfortunately, the uncertain results in terms of increasing survival and the default of effective devices are to be resolved for a wider application of the procedure.