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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,6
Online ISSN 1827-1898
Sumimoto K., Tanaka I., Fukuda Y., Haruta N., Dohi K.*, Ito H.**, Tsuchiya T.***, Ikada Y.****
From the First Department of Surgery Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital
* The Second Department of Surgery, Hiroshima University Medicine School, Hiroshima
** The Department of Pathology, Tottori University Medicine School, Tottori
*** Akane Foundation Tsuchiya Hospital, Hiroshima
**** Research Center Biomedical Engineering, University of Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan
Background. Non-suture end-to-end anastomoses between polytetrafluoroethylene grafts and blood vessels were achieved using absorbable cuff material in experimental and clinical studies. The cuff was made of a synthetic biodegradable material, a lactic-glycolic acid copolymer, similar in composition to conventional absorbable surgical sutures.
Methods. In the experimental study, vascular anastomoses for prosthetic interposition of the infrarenal aorta in rabbits were created using the cuff method. Six months after surgery, the cuff anastomoses sites were examined angiographically and microscopically and found to be patent and smooth without neointimal hyperplasia.
Results. The cuff layer had been completely absorbed. The clinical application used a similar technique and involved the creation of forearm bridge graft fistula in twelve patients for hemodialysis. In eight patients, Doppler fistula flow rate ranged from 167 ml/min to 392 ml/min. Ten of the twelve patients continued dialysis uneventfully. The one-year patency rate was 78% (7/9). The longest patency period was 920 days and the graft access continued to maintain sufficient blood flow for hemodialysis.
Conclusions. This absorbable cuff material is therefore well suited for the construction of prosthetic vascular end-to-end anastomoses.