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Panminerva Medica 1998 March;40(1):55-7

Copyright © 2000 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The increased frequency of hypercholesterolemia in Southern Italy is induced only by changing diet quality?

Capuano V., Lamaida N., Fattore L., D’Antonio V., Scotto Di Quacquaro G.

From the Cardiology Department of “Curteri” Hospital Mercato San Severino, Salerno, Italy


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Background. The pur­pose of ­this ­paper is to eval­uate cho­les­ter­o­lemia and tri­gly­cer­i­demia in rela­tion to BMI, ali­men­tary ­habits and phys­ical ­activity.
Design. We com­pare our epi­dem­i­olog­ical ­data ­with ­those ­obtained in ­other ­studies pre­vi­ously car­ried out in Campania: “CNR-ATS-RF2-OB43”.
Setting. Campania (Italy).
Results. Data ­show an ­increase of ­these ­risk fac­tors in Southern Italy ­from 1978 to 1989. In ­males, ­between 20 and 59 ­years the prev­a­lence of hyper­cho­les­ter­o­lemia ­increases ­from 15.9% in 1978-1979 (CNR-RF2) to 17.8% in 1983-1984 (ATS-OB43), and 20.6% in our own ­data (1988-1990). The pat­tern is sim­ilar for ­females: 14.4% (1978-1979), 16.7% (1983-1984), and 18.6% (1988-1990). In ­males hyper­trig­ly­cer­i­demia ­increases ­from 17% in 1978-1979, to 21.3% in 1983-1984 and 36.2% in 1988-1990. In ­females ­from 9.8% to 12.4% and 18% respec­tively.
Conclusions. This ­reality can be ­explained ­through the ­gradual ­changing of ali­men­tary ­habits (­high con­sump­tion of sat­u­rated ­fats and ­very ­little ­intake of veg­etal ­fibres) and by ­reduced phys­ical ­activity ­that con­trib­utes to the pro­gres­sive BMI ­increase.

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