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OTORINOLARINGOLOGIA

A Journal on Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery,
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Otorinolaringologia 2012 March;62(1):47-61

language: English

Olfactory disorders

Chaaban M. R., Pinto J. M.

Section of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA


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Olfactory disorders are challenging for primary care physicians as well as otolaryngologists, as they are associated with a major decline in quality of life. Obtaining an accurate and detailed history and performing a comprehensive head and neck examination aids in identifying the underlying etiology. There are two main categories of olfactory disorders: conductive and sensorineural. Though there are limited treatment options for these disorders, intervention to be considered depend on the cause. This review will include a brief introduction on the anatomy and physiology of olfaction followed by a discussion of the major categories of olfactory disorders, and lastly a summary of treatment options.

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