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A Journal on Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery,
Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, Otoneurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Otorinolaringologia 2012 March;62(1):33-8
Obstructive sleep apnea: what a rhinologist should know
Ulualp S. O.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
Obstructive sleep apnea is a complex disorder with myriad clinical consequences requiring multidisciplinary evaluation. Early diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea is critical for timely treatment, prevention of complications, and decreasing the negative impact of the disease on the individual and society. The underlying mechanisms of obstructive sleep apnea are complex and involve pathologies that cause airway obstruction at multi sites. The role of nasal structures in obstructive sleep apnea has been increasingly investigated and rhinologists are commonly asked to evaluate patients with obstructive sleep apnea. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the rhinologic perspective of existing literature on mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment of nasal pathologies causing obstructive sleep apnea.