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A Journal on Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery,
Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, Otoneurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Otorinolaringologia 2007 September;57(3):109-11
Neonatal audiological screening with transient evoked otoacustic emission (TEOAE): considerations after a five-year experience
Mullace M. 1, Puppin E. 1, Vettorello M. 1, Mevio N. 1, Santucci S. 2, Mevio E. 1
1 Unità Operativa di Otorinlaringoiatria Ospedale Fornaroli, Magenta
2 Unità Operativa di Pediatria e Patologia Neonatale Ospedale Fornaroli, Magenta
Aim. Early identification of hearing impairment may improve language outcome and subsequent school and occupational performance, thus the importance of a universal newborn hearing screening. Transient evoked otoacustic emissions (TEAOE) are considered the best method for universal audiological screen-ing.
Methods. Between January 2002 and January 2007 we examined with TEAOE 7750 newborn infants, including 250 with audiological risk factors.
Results. We detected 7 cases of neonatal sensorineural hearing loss, 0.9% within the whole population and 2% within hearing loss risk newborns.
Conclusion. These results show the remarkable importance of an early audiological screening to detect neonatal hearing loss, moreover TEOAE has been confirmed as the more indicated technique for this aim. Screening cost for the National Health Service and technical possible evolutions have been analyzed.