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A Journal on Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery,
Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, Otoneurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Otorinolaringologia 2005 March;55(1):23-33
Subjective idiopathic tinnitus. A review of clinical experience 1979-2005
Shulman A., Goldstein B.
Department of Otolaryngology Tinnitus Center-Health Science Center at Brooklyn State University of New York/Down State Brooklyn, NY, USA
The goal of this review is to present our clinical experiences with subjective idiopathic tinnitus (SIT) of the severe disabling type, ongoing since 1979. The clinical experience has developed an insight of the medical significance of the symptom of tinnitus and the development of increasing accurate diagnostic and effective treatment protocols attempting tinnitus relief with modalities of therapy recommended for tinnitus control. Our clinical experience has been the basis for both clinical and basic science investigations which have contributed to the emergence of a new discipline, tinnitology. The translation of neuroscience advances of brain and the cochleovestibular system for tinnitus definition, classification, diagnosis and treatment is resulting in increasing degrees of long-term tinnitus relief.
This review includes concepts and principles of tinnitology, tinnitus definition, classification, and a summary of modalities of therapy recommended for attempting tinnitus relief for all clinical types of tinnitus.