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A Journal on Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery,
Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, Otoneurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Otorinolaringologia 2001 March;51(1):15-9
Music therapy: biological effects on human organism and therapeutic applications in prelingual deafness
Manildo M. C., Farri A. *, Schindler A.
Università degli Studi - Torino Dipartimento di Discipline Medico-Chirurgiche Sezione di Audiologia-Foniatria
*Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Clinica I Cattedra di Otorinolaringoiatria
Background. Aim of this paper is to study music effects (so, its therapeutic application) on human organism: it stimulates thalamus, even if the subject is unconscious. In this article, the stimulation of auditory perception are studied in detail.
Methods. A group of patients aged between zero and six, affected by prelingual deafness treated with Music Therapy; these patients were observed for almost one year with sessions of 1 hour, 2-3 times a week. Children performed exercises (using musical instruments) derived by the integration of 9 auditory perception parameters by O. Schindler, with 4 criteria by Erber’s classification: for every parameter of the former, criteria of the latter were investigated. At the end of treatment, it was assessed if a difference in the evaluation of the above-mentioned criteria before and after Music Therapy Occurred.
Results. In 12 patients out of 15, although with different degrees (related with initial pathology gravity), an improvement of auditory perception parameters was evidenced.
Conclusions. In conclusion, Music Therapy may be condiser as useful therapeutic approach in prelingual deafness rehabilitation.