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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Greco A. 1, 2, Zannetti A. 3, Pappatà S. 3, Albanese A. 2, 4, Coda A. R. 3, Ragucci M. 1, Nardelli A. 3, Brunetti A. 1, 2, Cuocolo A. 1, Salvatore M. 5
1 Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche Avanzate, Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italia;
2 Ceinge, Biotecnologie Avanzate, Scarl, Napoli, Italia;
3 Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini-CNR, Napoli, Italia;
4 Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Napoli, Italia;
5 IRCCS, SDN, Napoli
AIM: In vivo imaging of dopamine transporter (DAT), a reliable marker of degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic innervation, has gained increasing interest in preclinical neurodegenerative research for studying disease mechanisms and testing new therapeutic strategies. We assessed the feasibility and the reliability of in vivo and ex vivo quantification of Methyl (3S,4S,5R)-8-(3-fluoropropyl)-3-(4-iodophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-4- carboxylate ([123I]FP-CIT) binding to striatal DAT sites in mouse brain.
METHODS: Dedicated small animal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images of [123I]FPCIT binding were obtained in 3 groups of healthy mice: untreated (n=6), pre-treated with lugol solution (n=4), and pre-treated with selective dopamine transporter uptake inhibitor GBR12909 (n=4). Ex-vivo autoradiography studies were performed at the end of SPECT studies with phosphor image system in 4 out of the 6 untreated mice and in all mice pretreated with lugol. Regions of interest were defined over the striatum. The specific binding (SB) was calculated using the cerebral cortex as reference region.
RESULTS: SPECT images in untreated mice showed high [123I]FP-CIT uptake in the striatum and extra-cerebral regions. Lugol pre-treatment improved striatal images quality decreasing salivary and thyroid glands uptake. SB was higher (p<0.0001) in mice pre-treated with lugol (5.97±0.60) than in untreated mice (2.25±0.28). Autoradiography showed similar SB findings in untreated (2.27±0.33) and lugol-treated (4.27±0.57) mice (p<0.0001). In vivo striatal 123I-FP-CIT SB and ex-vivo striatal 123I-FP-CIT SB were significantly correlated (r= 0.87; P< 0.0001). SPECT competition studies showed a significant (p<0.0001) reduction of [123I]FP-CIT SB in the striatum after GBR12909.
CONCLUSION: We demonstrated the feasibility of [123I]FP-CIT imaging of the normal mouse brain using small-animal SPECT without pinhole collimators. The reliability of quantitative measurement of striatal [123I]FP-CIT SB is supported by competition studies showing measurable inhibition of uptake induced by GBR12909 and by the strong correlation between in vivo and ex vivo striatal [123I]FP-CIT SB. Our data also demonstrate that pre-treatment with lugol might improve striatal [123I]FP-CIT SB in mice.