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CURRENT ISSUETHE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING

A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging


A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the Society of Radiopharmaceutical Sciences and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
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REVIEWS  DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF LOCALLY ADVANCED AND ADVANCED PROSTATE CANCER


The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2015 December;59(4):400-10

language: English

Improvement in survival and quality of life with new therapeutic agents in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: comparison among the results

Recine F. 1, Ceresoli G. L. 2, Baciarello G. 1, Cerbone L. 1, Calabrò F. 1

1 Department of Oncology, San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, Rome, Italy;
2 Department of Oncology, Cliniche Humanitas Gavazzeni, Bergamo, Italy


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Androgen deprivation therapy is the mainstay of treatment for men affected by metastatic prostate cancer (PC). Unfortunately, nearly all patient will become resistant to the initial hormonal approach, developing a metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). For many years, chemotherapy with docetaxel has been the only established standard of care for men with mCRPC. Recent developments in the knowledge of the disease biology have shown that during the progression to the castrate status PC remains dependent on androgens and androgen receptor (AR) pathway. As a consequence, new agents like abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide have been rapidly developed and approved for clinical use. Other drugs with different mechanisms of action, such as sipuleucel-T, cabazitaxel, and radium-223 have shown to improve overall survival, symptom control and quality of life of mCRPC patients. However, the optimal sequencing and combination of these treatments are not defined yet. Studies on biomarkers for treatment selection, such as AR splice variants, are promising, but the initial data still need prospective validation on large patient series.

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