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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Online ISSN 1827-1936
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE IMAGING
Levin Klausen T. 1, Høgild Keller S. 1, Vinter Olesen O. 1, Aznar M. 2, Andersen F. L. 1
1 Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine and PET, Rigshospitalet , Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark;
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Rigshospitalet Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
There has been a longstanding interest in positron emission tomography (PET) in combination with computed tomography (CT). Mostly because of the lack of structural information in PET which makes it difficult to assess the precise location of tissue with metabolic uptake, whereas CT can provide impressive anatomical details. PET/CT designs are facing many challenges such as the conversion of CT numbers to attenuation coefficients, giving rise to artefacts due to the presence of high Zeff material. Patient motion during scans degrades image quality and subsequent analysis, and is a challenge especially as spatial resolution improves.
Software based image fusion remains a complex issue outside the brain. State of the art image quality in a modern PET/CT system includes incorporation of point spread function (PSF) and time-of-flight (TOF) information into the reconstruction leading to the high resolution of today’s PET/CT systems. This review outlines the background and current knowledge of the PET/CT system design, motion correction and reconstruction approaches.