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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,033
Online ISSN 1827-1936
MOLECULAR IMAGING OF TUMOR MICROENVIRONMENT
Liu G., Dou S., Pretorius P. H., Liu X., Chen L., Rusckowski M., Hnatowich D. J.
Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
AIM: Using the antiCEA antibody MN14, a LS174T mouse tumor model has been successfully targeted with 99mTc for imaging and 188Re for radiotherapy by phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers (MORF)/complementary MORF (cMORF) pretargeting strategy. This investigation evaluated the antiTAG-72 antibody CC49 as an alternative to MN14 for this application.
METHODS: Both CC49 and MN14 were labeled with 111In via SCN-benzyl-DTPA and their biodistributions were compared to that of MN14 labeled via DTPA anhydride. Since the accessibility of the antibody to the effector is required for optimization of pretargeting, the internalization of both MORF-CC49 and MORF-MN14 antibodies in LS174T cells were evaluated in culture. In addition, the accessible concentration of MORF-CC49 antibody in tumor was determined in a series of pretargeting studies with escalating dosages of the [99mTc]cMORF effector. Finally, using these results and our semi-empirical model, an imaging study was performed under optimal pretargeting conditions.
RESULTS: The biodistribution of 111In to trace the MN14 antibody depended significantly on the labeling method. Furthermore, both MORF-CC49 and MORF-MN14 antibodies showed rapid internalization in culture. Fortunately, the accessibility in tumor was found to be less seriously reduced in vivo. In a pretargeting study under optimal conditions, both by imaging and by necropsy, the [99mTc]cMORF effector accumulated predominantly in the tumor of pretargeted mice. Normal tissue accumulations were minimal except in kidneys, liver, and a segment of intestines.
CONCLUSION: MORF pretargeting with CC49 was equally successful in the LS174T tumor model to the MORF pretargeting with MN14. The MORF-CC49 antibody may therefore be considered for future investigations toward early clinical trials.