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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Online ISSN 1827-1936
PET-CT FOR TAILORING THERAPY OF SOLID TUMORS
Chuang H. H., Macapinlac H. A.
Department of Nuclear Medicine of the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
Esophageal cancer, although uncommon in the United States, has been increasing in frequency, and despite advances in therapy, the diagnosis still carries a poor prognosis. Many patients present with locally advanced disease and receive multimodality therapy with combined chemoradiation before surgery. Imaging plays an important role in the initial selection of patients for tri-modality therapy and in evaluating responses to neoadjuvant chemoradiation prior to surgery. There is increasing use of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in management of esophageal cancer to identify distant metastasis at presentation and to assess response to therapy. Standardized imaging protocols with semiquantitative analysis may also provide prognostic information and be used to individualize patient therapy. This review will discuss the role of imaging studies in the management of esophageal cancer patients, with particular attention to FDG-PET/CT.