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The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine 2000 December;44(4):310-6

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM): a matter of wide societal implication

Pescatore C., Menon S.

From the NEA/OECD, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France *Menon Consulting, Nyköping, Sweden


FULL TEXT  


Nat­u­rally occur­ring radio­ac­tive mate­rials are ubiq­ui­tous on ­Earth and ­their radio­ac­tivity may ­become con­cen­trated as a ­result of ­human activ­ities. ­Numerous indus­tries pro­duce con­cen­trated radio­ac­tivity in ­their by-prod­ucts: the ­coal ­industry, petro­leum extrac­tion and pro­cessing, ­water treat­ment, etc. The ­present ref­er­ence ­system of radi­a­tion pro­tec­tion ­does not pro­vide a com­plete frame­work for the ­coherent man­age­ment of all ­types of radio­ac­tively con­tam­i­nated mate­rials. Incon­sis­ten­cies in ­waste man­age­ment ­policy and prac­tice can be ­noted ­across the ­board, and espe­cially vis-à-vis the man­age­ment of radio­ac­tive ­waste ­from the ­nuclear ­industry. ­This ­article ­reviews the ­present soci­etal ­approach to ­manage mate­rials ­that are radio­ac­tive but are ­often not rec­og­nised as ­being ­such, and ­place the man­age­ment of radio­ac­tive mate­rials ­from the ­nuclear ­industry in per­spec­tive.

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