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A Journal on Neurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2016 Sep 07
Prognostic value of relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme treated with bevacizumab
Alessandro STECCO 1, Paola AMATUZZO 2, Andrea P. SPONGHINI 3, Francesca PLATINI 3, Martina QUAGLIOZZI 2, Francesco BUEMI 2, Elena GUENZI 2, Alessandro CARRIERO 2
1 Radiology Department, Unità di Neuroradiologia, Ospedale "Maggiore della Carità", Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy; 2 Radiology Department, Ospedale "Maggiore della Carità", Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy; 3 Oncology Department, Ospedale "Maggiore della Carità", Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
BACKGROUND: To assess whether the early monitoring of the effects of bevacizumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) using perfusional dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after the beginning of anti-angiogenic therapy is predictive of treatment response.
METHODS: Thirteen patients with recurrent GBM underwent perfusion MRI with relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) mapping before (T0) and after the beginning (T1) of bevacizumab treatment. Recurrence Regions of Interest (RoIs) were positioned on the enhancing component of tumoral tissue revealed by post-contrast T1-weighted images. The rCBV measurements on the corresponding maps were made before and after the start of the anti-angiogenic therapy. The Cox proportional hazards model and the Kaplan-Meier method were used with the log-rank test to establish whether pre- and post-bevacizumab rCBV predicted progression-free survival (PFS). We tried to assess if there was a correlation between rCBV at T0 and rCBV at T1 using the Pearson's correlation coefficient.
RESULTS: In the univariable analysis, rCBV was significantly predictive of PFS at T0 (HR= 5.3, p=0.003) and at T1 (HR=4.14, p=0.04). Similarly, in the multivariate Cox model analysis, rCBV was predictive of PFS at T0 (HR=4.4, p=0.04) and T1 (HR=4.2, p=0.02). PFS was longer in patients whose rCBV was less than 4.50 ml/100g at T0 and less than 1.83 ml/100g at T1 than in patients with higher rCBV values. There was a moderate positive correlation between rCBV at T0 and rCBV at T1 (P=0.032, R=0.546).
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limited number of enrolled patients, rCBV assessed using DSC-MRI through the parameter rCBV is proved reliable in predicting the effects of anti-angiogenic treatment in patients with recurrent GBM.