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JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES
A Journal on Neurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2015 December;59(4):429-35
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor promotes β-catenin phosphorylation and nuclear translocation in glioma cells
Qu D. 1, 2, Zhang C. 2, Liu Y. 2, Wang L. 2, Wang J. 2, Xiong Y. 2, Gao D. 2 ✉
1 Department of Neurosurgery, Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, Nanjing, Jiangsu, PR China;
2 Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, PR China
AIM: Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and N-cadherin interact to transduce intracellular signals. However, the specific molecular mechanisms of this interaction are unclear. This study attempted to detect changes in GDNF-induced β-catenin phosphorylation and nuclear translocation in C6 glioma cells.
METHODS: C6 glioma cells were treated with GDNF (70 ng/mL) and membrane and cytoplasmic proteins were extracted. A N-cadherin antibody was used for co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP). Western blot analysis using the co-IP protein was completed using antibodies for β-catenin, Src and β-actin. Immunocytochemistry was conducted with the same antibodies. To determine if Src induced phosphorylation of β-catenin Tyr-654, Western blot analysis was also performed on nuclear proteins from C6 cells treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitor PP2 using then p- β-catenin antibody.
RESULTS: After induced by GDNF, C6 cell membrane β-catenin was phosphorylated at Tyr-654 and subsequently separated from the N-cadherin/β-catenin complex. Further study confirmed that the induction by GDNF significantly increased cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of phospho-β-catenin (Tyr-654) in C6 glioma cells. There was also an increase in the binding of non-receptor protein kinase Src with N-cadherin on the inner cell membrane surface. Src induced phosphorylation of β-catenin Tyr-654 induced by GDNF decreased significantly.
CONCLUSION: The results of our study demonstrate that GDNF increases the intracellular phosphorylation level of β-catenin through N-cadherin/Src signaling, which subsequently stimulates the nuclear translocation of β-catenin. This study provides a theoretical basis for us to reveal the role of biological mechanisms on glioma cell by GDNF.