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Home > Journals > Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences > Past Issues > Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2015 December;59(4) > Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2015 December;59(4):373-82

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CURRENT ISSUEJOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES

A Journal on Neurosurgery

Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 0390-5616

Online ISSN 1827-1855

 

Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2015 December;59(4):373-82

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Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring for the resection of brain tumors in pediatric patients

Sala F., Coppola A., Tramontano V., Babini M., Pinna G.

Pediatric Neurosurgery, University Hospital, Verona, Italy

Intraoperative neurophysiology (ION) is the gold standard to map and monitor brain functions during supratentorial surgery in critical areas. This is of great value for the surgery of brain gliomas in adults, but the same ION techniques can be used in the pediatric population with respect to both epilepsy and brain tumor surgery. While the principles of most ION techniques are the same for adults and children, the developing nervous system has peculiar characteristics in terms of anatomical and physiological maturation of afferent and efferent pathways within the brain and the spinal cord. Accordingly, some adjustments, particularly with regards to stimulation parameters, are needed in younger children. This paper will review current ION techniques to assist during the resection of brain tumors in children, focusing on the aspects peculiar to mapping and monitoring of sensori-motor functions in the pediatric population. On the other hand, awake surgery, of common use in adult patients when aiming to identify cortical and subcortical cognitive functions, is of very limited use in children and will not be discussed here.

language: English


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