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CURRENT ISSUEJOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES

A Journal on Neurosurgery

Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 0390-5616

Online ISSN 1827-1855

 

Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2012 June;56(2):77-85

SPINE SURGERY - PART II 

The actual management of tumor and vertebral compression fractures

Papanastassiou I. D. 1, 2, Aghayev K. 1, Saleh E. 1, Gerochristou M. 3, Vrionis F. D. 1

1 H.Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Neurosurgical Department, Tampa, FL, USA;
2 General Oncological Hospital “Agioi Anargyroi“, Athens, Greece;
3 “Andreas Syngros” Hospital, Athens, Greece

Tumor related fractures of the spine frequently dictate surgical management. The most critical factors influencing the need and type of surgery are degree of epidural cord compression, radiosensitivity of the tumor, presence of spinal instability and patient medical status/ estimated survivorship. There is a wide spectrum of therapeutic options: major en bloc resections in primary or oligometastatic disease; decompression and fusion in non-radiosensitive tumors with cord compression followed by adjuvant radiation therapy (RT); kyphoplasty/ vertebroplasty for stable compression fractures or minimally invasive corpectomy for more unstable fractures and RT- only for radiosensitive tumors not causing overt instability. Radiation therapy has always been essential component of the treatment algorithm although it has been displaced from principal treatment modality in the last 2 decades. However, the advent of more targeted and efficient forms of RT (radiosurgery) may be a new treatment paradigm for more radioresistant tumors and may obviate the need for major operations.

language: English


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