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CURRENT ISSUEJOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES

A Journal on Neurosurgery


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  CEREBRAL REVASCULARIZATION AND ENDOVASCULAR STROKE TREATMENT


Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2011 June;55(2):139-50

language: English

Microsurgical technique for previously coiled aneurysms

Romani R. 1, Lehto H.1, Laakso A. 1, Horcajadas A. 1, Kivisaari R. 1, Fraunberg M. 2, Niemelä M. 1, Rinne J. 2, Hernesniemi J.1

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland;
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland


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Since the introduction of Guglielmi detachable coils to treat intracranial aneurysms in 1991, the number of patients undergoing endovascular coiling has continuously risen as well as the number of those residual and recurrent previously coiled aneurysms that necessitate a microsurgical occlusion. Between July 1995 and August 2009 we retrospectively analyzed 81 patients with 82 previously coiled aneurysms treated microsurgically at two Finnish Neurosurgical University Hospitals, Helsinki and Kuopio. Fifty-eight aneurysms (71%) were located at anterior circulation and 24 (29%) at posterior circulation. Fifteen patients were operated on within the first month (early surgery) after coiling, whereas 66 were treated later (late surgery). Complete or partial removal of coils during surgery may facilitate clipping, but is significantly (P<0.001) more difficult to accomplish in late surgery. Removal of coils may also increase the chance for poor outcome. Chance of poor outcome increased also with intraoperative aneurysm rupture, size of the aneurysm and posterior circulation location. Good clinical outcome, three months after surgery, was achieved in 71 patients (88%); four patients were severely disabled, and six patients died (three of them due to poor clinical condition). Complete microsurgical occlusion of the residual previously coiled aneurysm is a high-risk procedure in large and giant aneurysms, and these patients should be referred to a dedicated neurovascular center to minimize surgical complications. Bypass procedures may be the best option for demanding growing lesions, especially those in posterior circulation.

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