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Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Online ISSN 1827-1855
Aimar E. 1, Debernardi A. 1, Tancioni F. 1, Di Ieva A. 1, Bossi P. 2, Gaetani P 1., Rodriguez Y Baena R. 1
1 Department of Neurosurgery Humanitas Clinical Institute, Rozzano (MI), Italy
2 Pathology Section, Humanitas Clinical Institute, Rozzano (MI), Italy
Meningeal melanocytomas are rare pigmented tumors of the central nervous system. These tumors are benign melanotic lesions that derive from the melanocytes of the leptomeninges. They may occur anywhere in the cranial and spinal meninges; however, they are found prevalently in the posterior fossa and in the spinal cord. Their epidemiological features, natural history and response to treatment remain poorly understood, even if, in the last 2 years, some reviews have been published about it. We report a new case of intracranial supratentorial meningeal melanocytoma, in the temporal lobe, occurring in a 27-year-old man, admitted to our Institute with a long-time history of seizures. We report histological and radiological characteristics of our case, and briefly review the therapeutical options reported in literature. Preoperative neuroradiological finding is unclear; the preoperative diagnosis is usually meningioma, because of the long duration of symptomatology and the radiological appearance of the lesion as an extra-axial mass. Diagnosis of these lesions, as in our case, is made intraoperatively by the gross, jet-black appearance of the tumor and by histological examination. In spite of the benign biologic behaviour, the prognosis remains uncertain, because of the possible local recurrences. According to the results of some works of the last years, it seems appropriate to use postoperative radiotherapy for those patients with symptomatic residual, progressive or recurrent tumors not amenable to further resection.