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Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Gerganov V. 1, Bussarsky V. 1, Romansky K. 1, Popov R. 1, Djendov S. 2, Dimitrov I. 2
1 Department of Neurosurgery Alexander’s University Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria
2 Department of Radiology Alexander’s University Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria
Aim. The aim of this study is to present the clinical picture of patients with cerebellopontine angle meningiomas and analyze the results of their operative treatment.
Methods. A retrospective study of patients with cerebellopontine angle meningiomas operated consecutively in our department over an 11-year period has been carried out. Data regarding their clinical features, surgical treatment, morbidity, mortality and outcome have been analyzed. Forty-four patients with cerebellopontine angle meningiomas were operated during the period 1991-2001 (intervention: tumor removal via the retrosigmoid suboccipital approach). Main outcome measures: clinical condition, MRI/ CT imaging.
Results. The median duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis was 44.5 months. The most frequent initial complaints were hearing loss, tinnitus and headache. Most frequent symptoms and signs at presentation were cerebellar, followed by hearing loss and trigeminal nerve symptoms. In 98% of the cases the operative approach used was the retrosigmoidal suboccipital. Total tumor removal was achieved in 55%. After total tumor removal no recurrences have been observed. The mortality rate was 2%.
Conclusion. The application of different classification schemes complicates the comparison between published series. The outcome depends on their location, consistency, size and relation to the surrounding neurovascular structures. In our experience the retrosigmoid suboccipital approach is most appropriate for their surgical treatment. It offers the possibility to remove completely even large meningiomas and avoids the risk of recurrences.