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Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Online ISSN 1827-1855
Righi C. 1, Tartara F. 2, Prada F. 2, Mandelli C. 1, Versari P. 2
1 Department of Neuroradiology, S. Raffaele Hospital, Milan;
2 Department of Neurosurgery, S. Raffaele Hospital, Milan
Vertebral arteriovenous fistulas are rare lesions consisting of an abnormal shunt between the extracranial vertebral artery and the neighboring veins. The authors present a case of post-surgical high-flow left vertebral arteriovenous fistula presenting with intracranial hemorrhage. The patient underwent endovascular balloon occlusion of the fistula: after endovascular treatment a reduction of the flow was evident but the patient presented neurological deterioration related the occurrence of intraventricular-subarachnoid hemorrhage. Intracranial hemorrhage is a potential manifestation of high-flow vertebral AVF and a possible complication of endovascular fistula balloon occlusion. Direct endovascular occlusion of the vertebral artery may be primarily considered in selected cases.