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JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES
A Journal on Neurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2001 June;45(2):70-4
Hyperprolactinaemia and prolactine binding in benign intracranial tumours
Ciccarelli E. 1, Razzore P. 1, Gaia D. 1, Todaro C. 2, Longo A. 2, Forni M. 3, Ghè C. 4, Camanni F. 1, Muccioli G. 4, FAccani G. 2, Lanotte M. M. 2
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of Turin, Turin;
2 Division of Neurosurgery, CTO Hospital, Turin;
3 Division of Pathological Anatomy, Regina Margherita Children’s Hospital, Turin;
4 Department of Anatomy, Pharmacology and Forensic Medicine, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Background. Meningiomas have been found to have receptors for several hormones, such as oestrogen, progesterone, somatostatin, dopamine and recently also for prolactin.
Methods. To investigate any possible role of prolactin in the growth of those tumours we detected the presence of prolactin-receptors (PRL-R) in 22 meningiomas and we correlated these data with PRL serum levels in patients before surgery. We also studied 13 patients with schwannomas and 7 with other cerebral tumours (4 glioblastomas, 2 ependymomas and 1 astrocytoma).
Results. Increased prolactin binding was present in 10 (45.4%) meningiomas, 9 (69.2%) schwannomas and in the patient with astrocytoma. The presence of high PRL levels was present in 6 (27.2%) patients with meningiomas, 8 (61.5%) with schwannomas and in 3 (42.8%) with other tumours. No direct correlation was present between serum PRL levels and PRL binding in all groups.
Conclusions. In conclusion we confirmed the presence of PRL receptors in patients with meningiomas and we have also shown the presence of PRL receptors also in schwannomas. Moreover increased serum PRL were shown in some patients with different tumours of nervous tissue before surgery. Our data could suggest that PRL might have a role in the growth of meningiomas and schwannomas.