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JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES
A Journal on Neurosurgery
Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2000 March;44(1):25-32
Acoustic intrameatal meningiomas
Rinaldi A. 1, Gazzeri G. 1, Callovini G. M. 1, Masci P. 2, Natali G. 3
1 Division of Neurosurgery, S. Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy;
2 Service of Histopathology, S. Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy;
3 Department of Neuroradiology, S. Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy
Background. The sporadic finding of an acoustic intrameatal meningioma stimulated the authors to the present study. An analysis of the cases previously reported in the literature aimed to outline a preliminary account about biological, radiological and surgical specific hallmarks of these tumours.
Methods. Eight previous cases of meningiomas, meeting the prerequisite of origin and situation within the internal acoustic canal, have been discovered in the known literature since 1975. A further case was recently observed in our experience. The cases in the series showed no sex prevalence and in most of them the age of incidence was comprised between the fifth and sixth decade of life. Hearing loss was the prevalent symptom, lasting 1 month to 7 years before presentation. Myelocisternography, myelo-CT or high resolution CT/MR revealed no specific radiological features to distinguish small intrameatal meningiomas from the more frequently occurring vestibular schwannomas, while CT scan with bone algorithm could point out valuable indirect details for differential diagnosis. Various surgical approaches, i.e. middle fossa, translabyrinthine and retromastoid, were utilized by the different authors.
Results. Basing on apparent individual surgical preference, one of three different surgical routes (translabyrinthine, middle fossa, retromastoid) was chosen for 10 procedures in 9 patients. In all, except two cases the impression at surgery was of complete tumour removal.
Conclusions. The possibility for meningiomas to recur and invade the surrounding bone requires a differential diagnosis from vestibular schwannomas. In the absence of intrinsic distinctive signs, radiological evaluation of peritumoral bone alterations could help diagnosis. Although the various surgical routes have often proved effective, temporal bone invasion justifies more extensive approach even in small tumours.