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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2016 Apr 20
Duration of urethral catheterization after urethroplasty: how long is enough?
Filip POELAERT, Willem OOSTERLINCK, Anne F. SPINOIT, Nicolaas LUMEN ✉
Department of Urology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
BACKGROUND: To report the impact of duration of urethral catheterization (DUC) on the rate of extravasation on voiding cysto-urethrography (VCUG) and the subsequent need of catheter replacement in urethroplasty.
METHODS:Two hundred nineteen consecutive patients undergoing urethroplasty between October 2010 and November 2014 were evaluated for the impact of DUC. Patients were divided into 2 groups, based on the scheduled DUC ≤10 days (Group 1, n=86) or >10 days (Group 2, n=133).
RESULTS: Fourteen patients (6.4%) had extravasation on VCUG with an additional period of catheter usage. In 10 of the 14 patients (71.4%) clinical signs of impaired wound healing were present. In group 1 (median DUC 8 days) 3 patients (3.5%) needed an additional period of urethral catheterization, compared to 11 patients (8.3%) in group 2 (median DUC 14 days). Strictures in group 2 were longer (4 vs 2 cm, p<0.001) and more complex. Redo urethroplasty was needed in 9 of the 14 patients with extravasation.
CONCLUSION: In uncomplicated cases of urethroplasty, the urethral catheter can be safely removed after 8 to 10 days postoperatively. Extravasation on VCUG occurs in around 6% of urethroplasties and is a prognostic factor for stricture recurrence and reoperation.