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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
ORIGINAL ARTICLES UROLOGY
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2016 June;68(3):270-4
A prospective controlled study to determine the duration of antibiotherapy in the patients with elevated serum PSA levels
Hasret TOPAC 1, Serdar GOKTAS 2, Seref BASAL 3, Murat ZOR 3, Ibrahim YILDIRIM 4, Murat DAYANC 4 ✉
1 Department of Urology, Konya Military Hospital, Konya, Turkey; 2 Department of Urology, Konya Selcuklu University, Konya, Turkey; 3 Department of Urology, Gulhane Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; 4 Department of Urology, Gulhane Military Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the duration that antibiotherapy should have in order to make total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) levels decrease to normal ranges in patients without prostatitis symptoms but with total PSA levels around 4.01-9.9 ng/dL.
METHODS: A total of 129 male patients were enrolled and divided into either study group (N.=102) or control group (N.=27). The study group received a 21-day treatment with ofloxacin 400 mg/day, while the control group did not receive any treatment. tPSA and free PSA levels were measured on the 7th, 14th and 21st day, and at the 3rd, 6th, and 12th month of the study. tPSA levels and the number of patients whose tPSA levels decreased ≤4.0 ng/dL levels was recorded and analyzed for statistical significance.
RESULTS: At 7, 14, and 21 days mean tPSA values were all lower than baseline values and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Of 102 patients 31, 38 and 36 patients had decreased tPSA levels at 7, 14, and 21 days, respectively. But when we compared 7th day mean tPSA levels with days 14 and 21, we found no statistical differences (P>0.05). Sixty-six patients had persistently high tPSA levels and 64 of them underwent prostate biopsy. Prostate cancer was detected in 8 of them (12.5%).
CONCLUSIONS: A seven-day course of antibiotherapy is enough to normalize PSA levels in gray-zone patients. If recurrence of PSA increase is seen during follow-up, antibiotherapy can be useful again in those patients who previously benefited from it, while it will prove unnecessary in those who did not have their tPSA level normalized by it.