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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
ORIGINAL ARTICLES UROLOGY
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2016 April;68(2):194-203
First and second transurethral resections in intermediate-high risk bladder cancer: impact of the surgeon’s volume on the recurrence and progression of primary bladder cancer
Michele DEL ZINGARO, Raffaella BRUNO, Elisabetta NUNZI, Massimo PORENA, Luigi MEARINI ✉
Department of Urology, University of Perugia, Sant’Andrea delle Fratte, Perugia, Italy
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the impact of surgeon’s volume on recurrence and progression in patients with newly diagnosed transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder after first transurethral resection (TUR) and second-TUR.
METHODS: Between March 2005 and December 2012, 209 patients with intermediate-high risk primary bladder cancer who received second TUR within 2 to 6 weeks following the initial resection were prospectively included in a database and retrospectively analyzed. Surgeons were stratiﬁed into high-volume (>100 TUR) and low-volume (<100 TUR). Tumor recurrence and progression were analyzed respect to first and second-TUR and surgeon-volume.
RESULTS: Of the 209 patients who underwent second-TUR, 57 (27.2%) had macroscopic tumors before resection, which correlated to tumors multiplicity. Stage and surgeon category were independent predictors of tumor recurrence, with a 5-year recurrence-free survival rate of 52.7% and 23.1% for high and low-volume surgeon, respectively (P<0.001). Stage and surgeon category at first and second-TUR were independent predictor of tumor progression, with a 5-year progression-free survival rate of 83.8% and 48.0% for high and low-volume surgeon, respectively (P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: As for other major urological procedures, patients undergoing TUR performed by high volume surgeon may have better outcomes than patients operated by low-volume providers.