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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ADVANCED TOPICS IN THE TREATMENT OF LARGE RENAL STONES
Liu J., Maddox M. M., Thomas R.
Department of Urology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
Renal stones in the modern era are most commonly treated with minimally invasive techniques and using endourological procedures. However, for more complex cases, there is renewed interest in exploring laparoscopic or robotic techniques that can offer patients significant benefits over otherwise multiple endourologic or open surgical intervention. In clinical circumstances with anomalous anatomy, indication for concomitant reconstruction, or previously failed endourological intervention, robotic and laparoscopic approaches may offer suitable, if not more effective, treatment options.