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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
A Journal on Nephrology and Urology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,536
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2011 December;63(4):287-92
Effect of cholecalciferol on parathyroid hormone and vitamin D levels in chronic kidney disease
Basturk T. 1, Unsal A. 2, Ulas T. 2 ✉
1 Department of Nephrology, Bagcilar Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey;
2 Sisli Etfal Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
AIM: We aimed to determine the effect of a monthly oral vitamin D on the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and iPTH levels in patients with CKD.
METHODS: This was a prospective controlled trial of 48 patients with CKD stage 3-4. Patients were divided into two groups Group1 the cholecalciferol treatment group, Group 2, the control group. One patient in Group 1, and 3 patients in Group2 were excluded after the baseline 25(OH)D levels were determined to be greater than 30ng/ml. Two patients in Group1, and one patient in Group 2 were excluded after the baseline iPTH was determined to be less than 70 pg/ml and greater than 300 pg/ml. Five patients in both groups were lost to follow-up. Thus, a total of 16 patients in Group 1 and 15 patients in Group2 completed the three month study. Group1 patients received 300,000 IU month oral cholecalciferol.
RESULTS:The mean serum 25(OH)D concentration of the group1 was significantly higher at baseline (P=0.039). At the end of the three months; serum 25 (OH) D level increased significantly in Group1 (P=0.001). iPTH level of Group1 was significantly lower at baseline (P=0.034). The values of the group1 before and end of third month was compared, serum Ca (P=0.011), P (P=0.013) level showed significant increase, but no significant increase in the Group 2 (P>0.05). The groups had not a clinically significant change in serum Ca and P level (P>0.05).
CONCLUSION: Oral cholecalciferol supplementation can be used safely and effective in reducing iPTH levels and correcting vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency in patients with CKD.